National HIV data
HIV is a ‘notifiable disease”, and information is gathered on every case diagnosed, including age, sex, geographic area, probable mode of transmission and Indigenous status. This information is collected to monitor trends in HIV cases and to enable responses where necessary.
National HIV, viral hepatitis and STI data, including for the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population, are analysed by the Kirby Institute which produces annual surveillance reports. For the latest surveillance report on HIV and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people see: Aboriginal Surveillance Report on HIV, viral hepatitis and STIs 2018.
Rising HIV rates among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people have been observed in data analyses over the last few years and the new data show that this trend continues. In 2017 the rate of HIV diagnosis among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people was 1.6 times the rate for Australian-born non-Indigenous people. There is a widening divergence in HIV rates between the Australian Indigenous population and the Australian-born non-Indigenous population: rates going up for the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population but remaining stable for the non-Indigenous Australian-born population.
In December 2018 SAHMRI produced a booklet to provide a snapshot of data trends and highlight issues associated with HIV prevention and treatment for people among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities: HIV and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Communities in 2018.
Here’s A/Prof James Ward from SAHMRI discussing the implications of HIV data trends.
International HIV data
International data on HIV are analysed by the United Nations Program on AIDS (UNAIDS). UNAIDS reports can include information on HIV among Indigenous peoples in Australia and in other countries, such as Canada.