Research provides the evidence base for developing prevention and treatment initiatives targeting particular communities. Research is also important for monitoring and evaluating programs. Australian research centres which focus on HIV prevention and the care of people living with HIV among the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander community include:
- The South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute, in Adelaide, conducts research on STI and HIV prevention in Aboriginal communities and the care of people with HIV, developing prevention and treatment strategies targeting communities, and translating research outcomes into proposals for policy development.
- The Centre for Social Research in Health (CSRH): the CSRH, at the University of NSW, conducts behavioral studies and surveys on HIV and sexual health risk reduction, and on harm reduction for injecting drug use, including for people among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. CSRH publishes the Annual Report on Trends in Behaviour which reports on behavioural and attitudinal data on modes of transmission of HIV, viral hepatitis, and STIs in Australia.
- The Kirby Institute for Infection and Immunity in Society at the University of NSW, produces annual surveillance reports on HIV, viral hepatitis and STI diagnoses among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. Its Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Program works collaboratively across sectors to close the gap in health disparity between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and non-Indigenous people, with a key focus upon sexual health and blood borne viruses.
- The Burnet Institute collaborates with the Kirby Institute and the National Serology Reference Laboratory on the ACCESS project (Australian Collaboration for Coordinated Enhanced Sentinel Surveillance of STIs and BBVs). ACCESS is establishing a surveillance system to assist in evaluating interventions designed to control STIs and blood borne viruses, including in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities.
- The Doherty Institute has collaborated with the Monash Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine to conduct a 20+ year study of more then 2.4 million cases of infectious disease across Australia. The study shows that poverty, living remotely or being Indigenous significantly increases the risk of contracting infectious diseases, including STIs and blood borne viruses.
The Australian Bureau of Statistics conducts Australia’s national census surveys and publishes statistics on economic, social, population and environmental matters, including data on the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population.